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Dalian University of Foreign Languages NCP Prevention & Control Guide Instructions for Personal Protection

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  2020-03-07   

1. Household protection

(1) Reduce outdoor activities;

(2) Take measures for personal protection;

Prepare thermometers, masks, and household disinfectants. Do not share towels. Keep your home and tableware clean, and air your clothes and quilts in the sun. After using the mask, put it in a ventilated dry place. When discarding a mask, please fold it up and put it in a plastic bag. Wash your hands frequently. Do not touch your nose, mouth or eyes before washing your hands.

(3) Keep good habits;

Open the window and ventilate three times a day, 20-30 minutes each time. Disinfect your home regularly. Make sure you have balanced nutrition, moderate exercises and adequate rests.

(4) Monitor your health and take temperature regularly;

If your temperature exceeds 37.3℃, and/or you have cough, sore throat, chest tightness, dyspnea, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, conjunctivitis, muscle soreness and other symptoms, visit a medical institution in time.

(5) Wear a mask when you go to a medical institution and avoid public transportation. It is advisable to take a private car or taxi (remember the plate number and driver’s service number), or call the medical emergency line 120.

2. Notes on your diet

(1) Purchase your food from proper sources. The food should be fully heated before eating;

(2) Do not touch, purchase or eat wild animals;

(3) Separate cutting boards and knives for raw and cooked food.

3. Notes on purchasing fresh food

(1) Wash hands with soap and water after touching animals or animal products;

(2) Avoid contact with your eyes, nose, or mouth;

(3) Avoid contact with sick animals or spoiled meat;

(4) Avoid contact with stray animals and garbage in the market.

4. How to wash hands

(1) Wash your hands with running water;

(2) Wash your hands for 1 minute or more;

(3) Wash the palms and backs of your hands, as well as your fingers;

(4) After washing, do not touch the public tap again.

5. How to use alcohol

I. Instructions:

Alcohol must not be sprayed over a large area for disinfection. It can be used to disinfect clothes, hands, door handles, desktops, mobile phones, computers, and thermometers by wiping gently.

II. Precautions:

(1) Do not use alcohol while smoking, cooking, or switching on electric appliances;

(2) Alcohol must be stored away from fire sources;

(3) Alcohol must not be used together with 84 disinfectant;

(4) If there is any fire by accident, cover it with damp cloth immediately.

6. How to use a thermometer

I. Instructions:

(1) First, wipe the thermometer with alcohol for disinfection, and then shake it to make the mercury reading return to below 35 ℃;

(2) Place the silver end under the armpit and clamp the arm;

(3) Leave it for 5-10 minutes before removing it;

(4) Read the temperature;

(5) Report to the teacher immediately if your temperature reaches 37.2℃ or above.

II. In case of breaking the thermometer:

(1) Open the window to ventilate the room;

(2) Put on gloves, use a piece of paper to collect the mercury, put it in a bottle with water, cover the bottle, and discard it;

(3) Clean the floor with wet wipes.

7. How to use the disinfectant

I. Instructions:

Wear gloves and masks, disinfect with diluted disinfectant, and open windows for ventilation. For the people who are allergic to sodium hypochlorite, do not use the disinfectant.

II. Precautions:

(1) Do not use the disinfectant with other disinfectants or alcohol;

(2) If the disinfectant gets into the eyes, wash them with water or saline immediately, and go to the hospital immediately if it is serious;

8. How to use the Internet for self-psychological intervention

(1) Avoid excessive browsing of online information. Go online to learn only the most important and authoritative information;

(2) Use the Internet for work, or do interesting and meaningful things instead;

(3) Use online resources to manage your emotions;

(4) If necessary, use the Internet to seek the help of a professional counselor.

9. Notes on home quarantine

(1) Mandatory medical observation of 14 days for close contacts, during which you must stay separately;

(2) Keep your living environment clean and disinfected, and take the temperature twice a day;

(3) No visits are allowed, and tableware, towels and bedding cannot be shared;


Instructions for Outdoor Protection


1. Visiting a medical institution:

On the road

1. Wear medical surgical masks throughout;

2. Try to avoid taking subways or buses;

3. Avoid going to crowded places.

At the hospital: 

1. Choose a hospital designated for NCP;

2. Stay away from other people (1 meter at least);

At the consulting room

1. Inform the doctor of your history of travel or residence in epidemic areas, if any;

2. Cooperate with relevant investigations.


2. Travel:

Bus & Airplane

1. Wear a mask and prepare rinse-free disinfectants;

2. Keep separated as much as possible while sitting.

Long-distance bus: 

1. Wear a mask and ventilate the bus;

2. Take a break at the resting stop every two hours.

Driving:

1. Disinfect and ventilate the car 10 minutes ahead.

2. Travel off-peak.

Subway & bus: 

1. Wear a mask and avoid touching public facilities;

2. Try to keep away from other passengers.

Taxi: 

1. Wear a mask;

2. Pay attention to hand hygiene.

Bicycle: 

1. Wear a mask;

2. Disinfect your bicycle regularly.

Walk: 

1. Wear a mask, and avoid going to public places;

2. Keep away from other people on the road.


Instructions for Mask Usage

1. How to use a mask

Clean your hands before and after using the mask.

For disposable medical masks:

Cover the nose, mouth and jaw completely, and squeeze the nose clip. The light-colored side should be close to the nose and mouth, with the dark-colored side facing outwards.

For protective masks:

The side with the logo faces outwards with the metallic strip uppermost. Fasten the strap that fixes the mask or wrap the rubber band of the mask around your ears, so that the mask is close to the face.

2. Precautions for removing masks

(1) Do not touch the inside and outside surfaces of the mask;

(2) Do not touch the masks used by others;

(3) Do not put the mask directly in the bag or pocket, and put it in a clean plastic bag.

3. Precautions for preservation, cleaning and disinfection of masks

(1) The mask can be hung in a clean, dry and ventilated place, or placed in a clean, breathable paper bag. Masks need to be stored separately, and users of the masks must be identified;

(2) Medical protective masks cannot be cleaned, nor can they be disinfected by disinfectants or heating.